International Climate Initiative (IKI)
International Climate Initiative (IKI) is one of the most important instruments of the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) for the international financing of climate change mitigation and biodiversity. IKI operates within the framework of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), financing climate change mitigation and biodiversity conservation in developing, emerging and transition countries. Since 2008 to 2019, IKI approved more than 730 climate and biodiversity projects with a total funding volume of EUR 3.9 billion in more than 60 countries.
The partner countries are supported with IKI funding to help them implement and ambitiously develop their nationally determined contributions (NDCs) anchored in the Paris Agreement. The NDCs include measures to adapt to the impacts of climate change and increase resilience to its unavoidable impacts. In the field of biodiversity, IKI supports partner countries in achieving the goals of the CBD to counteract the dramatic global loss of natural resources. The activities of IKI also contribute to the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for the United Nations’ 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
Projects that are implemented in one of the following four funding areas are eligible for support:
- Mitigating greenhouse gas emissions
- Adapting to the impacts of climate change
- Conserving natural carbon sinks with a focus on reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+)
- Conserving biological diversity
Selection with idea competitions
IKI supports through two funding pillars: the thematic and the country-specific selection procedures. Both procedures use idea competitions to select innovative projects. This approach ensures that the best ideas and concepts will be implemented and that the diversity of the implementing partners grows.
The IKI Secretariat
The Secretariat of the International Climate Initiative supports the BMU in implementation of the IKI. It coordinates the organisation of the IKI selection procedures, examines project and programme applications on which the BMU finally makes decisions, and assesses the interim and final reports submitted to verify the use of funds and the achievement of project objectives. It also supports processes to safeguard projects within the context of policy and international law, facilitates the exchange of experience and networking among IKI projects and actors, and oversees IKI's public relations work.
The International Climate Initiative is the first funding programme managed by Zukunft – Umwelt – Gesellschaft (ZUG) gGmbH. ZUG has been able to draw on well-established structures and processes developed by Deutsche Gesellschaft für internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) which managed the IKI programme office. The transfer of the IKI programme office to the IKI Secretariat at ZUG did not disrupt or change ongoing management of IKI projects in any way.